Interaction of Calcium and Vanadate with Fluorescein Isothiocyanate Labeled Ca2+-ATPase from Sarcoplasmic Reticulum: Kinetics and Equilibria

Stephania Markus, Zvi Priel, David M. Chipman

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Abstract

The interaction of Ca2+ and vanadate with fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) labeled sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+-ATPase has been studied by following the kinetics of changes in the reporter group fluorescence and equilibrium fluorescence levels. The vanadate species bound to the enzyme is clearly monomeric orthovanadate, probably H2VO4-. Vanadate binding is noncooperative, suggesting an absence of interactions between the Ca2+-ATPase subunits. The fluorescence experiments confirm the existence of a calcium-enzyme-vanadate complex (in the presence of magnesium). On the basis of the fluorescence properties of this complex, it is similar in its conformation to the calcium-enzyme complex, i.e., “E1-like” rather than “E2-like”. However, Ca2+ binds to the enzyme-vanadate complex via sites that are only accessible from the interior of the SR vesicles. The complex Ca2E*Van, which is rapidly formed, isomerizes very slowly (t1/2 ~ 1 min) to the stable ternary complex. The mutual destabilization between bound vanadate and two bound Ca2+ ions is only 1.6 kcal/mol, much smaller than that produced by the interaction of calcium and phosphate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)793-799
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemistry
Volume28
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1989

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