Interaction of paclobutrazol and indole‐3‐butyric acid in relation to rooting of mung bean (Vigna radiata) cuttings

Z. Wiesman, J. Riov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Paclobutrazol (PB) only slightly stimulated the rooting of mung bean cuttings but, interestingly, the number of adventitious roots formed was dramatically increased when PB was used together with indole‐3‐butyric acid (IBA). Application of PB in the first phase of root formation, when root initials are induced, caused the greatest enhancement of the promotive effect of IBA on rooting. Investigation of the effect of PB on uptake, transport and metabolism of [5‐3H]‐IBA in mung bean cuttings revealed some changes in the rate of metabolism of IBA in comparison with control cuttings. PB was found to be involved in the partitioning of carbohydrates along the cuttings. Application of sucrose, like PB to the base of IBA‐treated cuttings enhanced the effect of IBA. The patterns of the effects of PB and IBA, separately and together, on rooting were similar in defoliated and intact cuttings, however the number of roots was much lower in the defoliated cuttings, which lacked a source of assimilates. PB counteracted the effect of GA3 in the upper regions of the cuttings and seemed to increase the sink capacity at the base of the cuttings. The results of the present study clearly demonstrated the enhancing influence of PB on IBA stimulation of the rooting of mung bean cuttings. It is suggested that PB may affect the rate of metabolism of IBA during rooting and the status of the local sink, in the base of the cuttings, thus partially contributing to the enhancement of the rooting‐promotive effect of IBA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)608-612
Number of pages5
JournalPhysiologia Plantarum
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1994
Externally publishedYes


  • Gibberellin
  • indole‐3‐butyric acid
  • mung bean
  • paclobutrazol
  • rooting
  • vigna radiata

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science
  • Cell Biology


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