Interference mitigation in STAP using the two-dimensional wold decomposition model

Joseph M. Francos, Arye Nehorai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


We propose a novel parametric approach for modeling, estimation, and detection in space-time adaptive processing (STAP) radar systems. The proposed parametric interference mitigation procedures can be applied even when information in only a single range gate is available, thus achieving high performance gain when the data in the different range gates cannot be assumed stationary. The model is based on the Wold-like decomposition of two-dimensional (2-D) random fields. It is first shown that the same parametric model that results from the 2-D Wold-like orthogonal decomposition naturally arises as the physical model in the problem of space-time processing of airborne radar data. We exploit this correspondence to derive computationally efficient fully adaptive and partially adaptive detection algorithms. Having estimated the models of the noise and interference components of the field, the estimated parameters are substituted into the parametric expression of the interference-plus-noise covariance matrix. Hence, an estimate of the fully adaptive weight vector is obtained, and a corresponding test is derived. Moreover, we prove that it is sufficient to estimate only the spectral support parameters of each interference component in order to obtain a projection matrix onto the subspace orthogonal to the interference subspace. The resulting partially adaptive detector is simple to implement, as only a very small number of unknown parameters need to be estimated, rather than the field covariance matrix. The performance of the proposed methods is illustrated using numerical examples.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2461-2470
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Signal Processing
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2003


  • Airborne radar
  • Clutter
  • Detection
  • Evanescent fields
  • Interference mitigation
  • Jamming
  • STAP
  • Two-dimensional random fields
  • Wold decomposition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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