Internal locus of control moderates the effects of road-hostility on recalled driving behavior

Yori Gidron, Reuven Gal, Helena Syna Desevilya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


This study examined the main and interactive effects of road-hostility and driving internal locus of control on self-reported driving behavior. Ninety-five Israeli students (mean age=25 years) anonymously completed scales assessing road-hostility, driving internal locus of control (DI), and the Speed and Deviance subscales of the Driving Style Questionnaire (DSQ-score). Only road-hostility was significantly correlated with DSQ-scores (r=.54). DI moderated the effects of road-hostility in relation to DSQ-scores: The association between road-hostility and DSQ-scores was larger among subjects with low than with high levels of DI. Finally, 64% of high-hostile low DI drivers were involved in an accident compared to only 29% of high-hostile high DI drivers. These results suggest that future studies need to examine the effects of increasing DI on the negative effects of road-hostility on driving behavior. The study's theoretical interpretations, application to accident-prevention and limitations are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-116
Number of pages8
JournalTransportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2003


  • Driving behavior
  • Interactions
  • Internal locus of control
  • Moderation
  • Road-hostility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Automotive Engineering
  • Transportation
  • Applied Psychology


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