This study examined the main and interactive effects of road-hostility and driving internal locus of control on self-reported driving behavior. Ninety-five Israeli students (mean age=25 years) anonymously completed scales assessing road-hostility, driving internal locus of control (DI), and the Speed and Deviance subscales of the Driving Style Questionnaire (DSQ-score). Only road-hostility was significantly correlated with DSQ-scores (r=.54). DI moderated the effects of road-hostility in relation to DSQ-scores: The association between road-hostility and DSQ-scores was larger among subjects with low than with high levels of DI. Finally, 64% of high-hostile low DI drivers were involved in an accident compared to only 29% of high-hostile high DI drivers. These results suggest that future studies need to examine the effects of increasing DI on the negative effects of road-hostility on driving behavior. The study's theoretical interpretations, application to accident-prevention and limitations are discussed.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour|
|State||Published - 1 Jan 2003|
- Driving behavior
- Internal locus of control