התנועות המצעיות בשמות הפרטיים השמניים במקרא ובלשונות סמוכות

Translated title of the contribution: Internal Vowels in Nominal Personal Names in Biblical Hebrew and in Cognate Semitic Languages

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Many of the nominal personal names in the Bible have internal vowels, thus עבדיאל,שמואל etc. Such vowels are also documented in other Northwest Semitic languages — Amorite, Ugaritic, the El-Amarna tablets and in Alalaḫ. Many explanations were given in order to understand these internal vowels, such as relics of case endings, independent pronouns, yod compaginis and waw compaginis. This study shows that in Northwest Semitic languages personal names short vowels u /a / i were inserted between the nominal components capriciously. They were also interchangeable without any syntactic reason. Personal names could also be built without these vowels at all (cf. biblical אבנר alongside אבינר and Ugaritic šumʾadi). In biblical personal names these vowels were lengthened (ū/ā/ī). There are cases in which mem preceded these vowels (cf. biblical אבימאל , perhaps for asseverative means. One may deduce that in Northwest Semitic languages that have case endings (Ugaritic, Canaanite reflected in the El-Amarna tablets) it is the second component of the personal name that bears the case ending. Therefore, the internal vowels under discussion are not case endings at all.
Translated title of the contributionInternal Vowels in Nominal Personal Names in Biblical Hebrew and in Cognate Semitic Languages
Original languageHebrew
Pages (from-to)187-196
Number of pages10
Journalשנתון לחקר המקרא והמזרח הקדום
Volumeיב
StatePublished - 2000

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