International borders and range ecology: The case of Bedouin transborder grazing

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46 Scopus citations


Recent research suggests that, under unconstrained human circumstances, pastoral nomads within arid environments have at their disposal means of evading ecological stress that could impel them to cause damage to their grazing and land resources. The Israeli-Egyptian border has imposed a severe constraint upon the range management strategy of the Bedouin whose traditional territory it bisects. The border forced them to exert an increased pressure upon local resources. Considerable damage was thus caused to the perennial vegetation cover (both macrophytes and microphytes) and to the structure of sand dunes on the Egyptian side of the border, with opposite effects on the Israeli side to which the Bedouin had no access. This case study adds a further dimension to the discussion of range management by pastoral nomads in arid and semi-arid areas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-64
Number of pages26
JournalHuman Ecology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1996


  • Ecological degradation
  • Ecologically-blocked pastoralists
  • Grazing pressure
  • Mobile carrying-capacity
  • Opportunistic range management
  • Sand dune dynamics
  • Stationary carrying-capacity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology
  • Anthropology
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science


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