Background: Current guidelines are inconclusive regarding intravenous (IV) iron for treatment of chemotherapy-induced anaemia (CIA). Material and methods: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials comparing IV iron with no iron or oral iron for treatment of chemotherapy induced anaemia (CIA). Primary outcomes: haematopoietic response and red blood cell (RBC) transfusion requirements. For dichotomous data, relative risks (RR) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated and pooled. For continuous data, weighted mean differences were calculated. Results: Eleven trials included 1681 patients, the majority examining the addition of IV iron to erythropoiesis stimulating agents (ESA) (1562 patients, 92.9%). IV iron significantly increased haematopoietic response rate [RR 1.28 (95% CI 1.125-1.45), seven trials with ESA] and decreased the rate of blood transfusions both in trials with ESA [RR 0.76 (95% CI 0.61-0.95), seven trials] and without ESA [RR 0.52 (95% CI 0.34-0.80)]. The increase in haematopoietic response rate correlated with total IV iron dose, regardless of baseline iron status. Mortality and safety profile was comparable between groups. Conclusions: IV iron added to ESA results in an increase in haematopoietic response and reduction in the need for RBC transfusions, with no difference in mortality or adverse events.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging