Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Visible light communications (VLC) is the name given to an optical wireless communication system that carries information by modulating light in the visible spectrum (400–700 nm) that is principally used for illumination [1–3]. The communications signal is encoded on top of the illumination light. Interest in VLC has grown rapidly with the growth of high power light emitting diodes (LEDs) in the visible spectrum. The motivation to use the illumination light for communication is to save energy by exploiting the illumination to carry information and, at the same time, to use technology that is “green” in comparison to radio frequency (RF) technology, while using the existing infrastructure of the lighting system. The necessity to develop an additional wireless communication technology is the result of the almost exponential growth in the demand for high-speed wireless connectivity. Emerging applications that use VLC include: a) indoor communication where it augments WiFi and cellular wireless communications [4] which follow the smart city concept [5]; b) communication wireless links for the internet of things (IOT) [6]; c) communication systems as part of intelligent transport systems (ITS) [7–14]; d) wireless communication systems in hospitals [15–17]; e) toys and theme park entertainment [18, 19]; and f) provision of dynamic advertising information through a smart phone camera [20]. VLC to augment WiFi and cellular wireless communication in indoor applications has become a necessity, with the result that many people carry more than one wireless device at any time, for example a smart phone, tablet, smart watch, and smart glasses and a wearable computer, and at the same time the required data rate from each device is growing exponentially. It is also becoming increasingly clear that in urban surroundings, human beings spend most of their time indoors, so the practicality of VLC technology is self-evident. It would be extremely easy to add extra capacity to existing infrastructure by installing a VLC system in offices or residential premises. In Fig. 1.1 we can see an example of a VLC network that provides wireless communication to a laptop, smart phone, TV, and wearable computer.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationVisible Light Communication
PublisherCambridge University Press
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9781107447981
ISBN (Print)9781107061552
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering (all)
  • Computer Science (all)


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