Iodine and hypothyroidism in neonates with congenital heart disease

N. Linder, B. Sela, B. German, N. Davidovitch, J. Kuint, J. Hegesh, D. Lubin, J. Sack

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


Aim - To evaluate the influence of the intravenous injection of iodine during cardiac catheterisation, and of topical iodine antiseptics during surgical procedures, on thyroid function in full term neonates. Methods - Twenty one full term infants with major cardiac anomalies who survived for more than a month were studied. Thyroxine and thyrotropin concentrations were measured (by radioimmunoassay) before each procedure, 24 hours after the procedure, and every week thereafter until the age of 1 month or until normal. Thyroxine values less than 64.4 nmol/l were considered low, while thyrotropin values greater than 30 mU/l were considered high. Results- Thyroid function tests before iodine exposure were within normal limits in all infants. Following catheterisation or surgery six infants had raised thyrotropin concentrations; three had low thyroxine concentrations. Two of those infants were treated with L-thyroxine. Conclusion - Iodine exposure during cardiac catheterisation or surgery may induce transient hypothyroidism in term infants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)F239-F240
JournalArchives of Disease in Childhood: Fetal and Neonatal Edition
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1997
Externally publishedYes


  • Cardiac malformations
  • Catheterisation
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Iodine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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