Is controlled ovarian stimulation and insemination an effective treatment in older women with male partners with decreased total motile sperm counts?

Einav Kadour-Peero, Naama Steiner, Russell Frank, Maryam Al Shatti, Jacob Ruiter, Michael H. Dahan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To assess the effect of the total motile sperm counts (TMSC) on the success of controlled ovarian stimulation (COH) and intra-uterine insemination (IUI) in women 38–42 years of age. Study design: A database of all women aged 38–42 years who underwent IUI with stimulation at a University Reproductive Centre between 2009 and 2018 inclusive was developed. Including stimulation with clomiphene citrate, letrozole or gonadotropins and divided into TMSC 5.00–10.0 mil and < 5.00 mil. Statistics were compared with multivariate logistic regression, t tests or Chi-squared tests. Results: A total of 397 cycles of IUI in 397 patients were included, of which, 190 cycles with TMSC 5.00–10.0 and 207 cycles with TMSC < 5.00. There were no statistical differences in the baseline characteristics between the two groups including: age (P = 0.2), gravidity (P = 0.7), parity (P = 0.6), basal FSH (P = 0.2), basal E2 (P = 0.4), antral follicular count (P = 0.5) and the number of mature follicles stimulated (P = 0.2). As expected, TMSC was 7.6 ± 1.5 mil in the first group and 2.4 ± 1.6 mil in the second group (P < 0.0001). The clinical pregnancy rate per cycle in the 5.01–10.00 TMSC group was 9.5 vs. 3.4% when TMSC < 5.00 (P = 0.01). When evaluating only women 40–42 years of age (99 women in the 5.00–10.00 TMSC group and 95 in the group of TMSC < 5.00); the pregnancy rates were not statistically different between the two groups (7 vs. 7.3%, P = 1), nor was the clinical pregnancy rate (5 vs. 6.3%, P = 0.7). Conclusions: Women 38–39 years of age have poorer outcomes at COH/IUI when TMSC < 5 million than if it is 5–10 million. Once a woman is 40 years of age, this effect is lost. With TMSC 5–10 million, women 38–39 years of age have respectable outcomes at COH/IUI. Clinical pregnancy rates are very low in women 40 years of age with TMSC ≤ 10 million or 38–39 years old with TMSC < 5 million and other treatments should be offered.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)261-266
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Volume305
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Insemination
  • Intra-uterine
  • Sperm count
  • Stimulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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