Jewish Women in Intercommunal Political Movements in Colonial Morocco

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The goal of this paper is to study Jewish participation in intercommunal–Muslim, Jewish, Christian–Moroccan women’s organizations that promoted national Moroccan socio-political aims, and to analyze their origins, effects, demise and memory. The paper focuses on a unique organization - Union des Femmes marocaines (Union of Moroccan Women)–which, for almost ten years during the colonial period, had carried out intercommunal work for shared Moroccan causes. The study reveals that during the period that intercommunal women’s associations operated (1943–1952), they were first French-oriented and dealt with issues considered, from a gendered perspective, to be within women’s domain (i.e. helping the poor and needy, doing charity, fighting for women’s education), but from 1947, they “Moroccanized” and worked towards general political Moroccan aims. The paper refers to a relatively unknown chapter in Moroccan history, and opens a new perspective of the Moroccan identity of Jews before their massive emigration from the country.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-244
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Modern Jewish Studies
Issue number2
StatePublished - 3 Apr 2019


  • Jewish women
  • Morocco
  • women’s associations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cultural Studies
  • History
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Political Science and International Relations


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