The Polish army under General Anders, which is the subject of this article, was the first to be formed on Soviet soil and left via Persia to fight on the Western fronts. After it left, military units were formed out of the large number of Poles, including many Polish Jews, who had remained in the USSR. These units fought on the Eastern Front and went with the Soviet Army into Poland where they were an important element in the Soviet imposition of a Communist regime. It was these units which included many Jewish officers. Their formation in the USSR after the Anders army had left, which is important for the subsequent history of Polish Jewry, will be dealt with in a subsequent issue of this journal. Editor.