Journalistic evidence: Cross-verification as a constituent of mediated knowledge

Yigal Godler, Zvi Reich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations


Journalists apparently maneuver between their inability to validate every single bit of information and the ramifications of publishing unverified reports. This study is the first attempt to uncover and characterize the reasoning which underlies the journalistic journey from skepticism to knowledge. We draw on the philosophical field of the 'epistemology of testimony' and analyze a robust data set. Data consist of detailed cross-verification measures - a reification of journalistic skepticism - underlying a large sample of individual news items in Israeli print, radio, online, and television news (N = 847), following a reconstruction of work processes. Far from being passive recipients of second-hand information, we theorize that reporters make systematic use of 'evidence of (sources') evidence' - a common but previously unarticulated evidence type.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)558-574
Number of pages17
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 May 2017


  • Epistemology
  • Israel
  • evidence
  • journalistic facts
  • knowledge
  • news practices
  • skepticism
  • verification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Communication
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)


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