Kappa calculus and evidential strength: A note on Åqvist's logical theory of legal evidence

Solomon Eyal Shimony, Ephraim Nissan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Lennart Åqvist (1992) proposed a logical theory of legal evidence, based on the Bolding-Ekelöf of degrees of evidential strength. This paper reformulates Åqvist's model in terms of the probabilistic version of the kappa calculus. Proving its acceptability in the legal context is beyond the present scope, but the epistemological debate about Bayesian Law is clearly relevant. While the present model is a possible link to that line of inquiry, we offer some considerations about the broader picture of the potential of AI & Law in the evidentiary context. Whereas probabilistic reasoning is well-researched in AI, calculations about the threshold of persuasion in litigation, whatever their value, are just the tip of the iceberg. The bulk of the modeling desiderata is arguably elsewhere, if one is to ideally make the most of AI's distinctive contribution as envisaged for legal evidence research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)153-163
Number of pages11
JournalArtificial Intelligence and Law
Volume9
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Law

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