Kinetics and mechanism of the abiotic decomposition of dimethyl polysulfides with three, four and five sulfur atoms under dark, oxic conditions

Tamir Buchshtav, Alon Amrani, Ward Said-Ahmad, Alexey Kamyshny

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The presence of malodorous dimethyl polysulfides (DMPSs) has been documented in various aquatic systems. In this work, we studied the kinetics and mechanisms of the chemical decomposition of DMPSs with 3-5 sulfur atoms in aqueous solutions in the presence of oxygen and absence of light. DMPSs are shown to undergo reaction with hydroxyl ions, which results in their decomposition. The orders of the decomposition reactions with respect to dimethyl trisulfide (DMTS), dimethyl tetrasulfide (DM4S) and dimethyl pentasulfide (DM5S) are 2.0 ± 0.3, 1.7 ± 0.3 and 2.0 ± 0.2, respectively. The reaction orders with respect to OH- are 0.59 ± 0.06, 0.56 ± 0.08 and 0.58 ± 0.11, respectively. The activation energies of these reactions are 170 kJ mol-1 K-1, 114 kJ mol-1 K-1 and 75 kJ mol-1 K-1, respectively. The initial products of the decomposition are Me2Sn-1 and Me2Sn+1 and the apparent final products are elemental sulfur and dimethyl disulfide (DMDS). DMDS, which is formed during the decomposition of DMTS, is depleted in 34S (ϵ = -13.2 ‰), while the DM4S is enriched 34S (ϵ = 4.7 ‰). A mechanism for the decomposition of DMPSs is proposed based on the results. Under these conditions, half-lives for the decomposition of DMPSs in Lake Kinneret vary from 2 months for DM5S to 100 000 years for DMTS. The relatively short time scale of the reported odour episodes indicates that other chemical, photochemical or biological processes are responsible for the decomposition of DMTS and DM4S.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)495-504
Number of pages10
JournalEnvironmental Chemistry
Volume16
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2019

Keywords

  • decomposition kinetics
  • isotope fractionation
  • reduced sulfur compounds
  • volatile organic sulfur compounds

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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