Knowledge and planning among teachers integrating digital game-based learning into elementary school classrooms

Merav Hayak, Orit Avidov-Ungar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The qualitative research employed semi-structured interviews with 28 elementary school teachers to examine the types of knowledge they use to integrate digital game-based learning (DGBL) into their classrooms and the nature of their integration planning. The findings revealed that teachers use four types of knowledge: game knowledge, game technological knowledge, game pedagogical knowledge and game technological pedagogical content knowledge. Five integration planning stages were identified, with stages A–C concerning the process of game selection and stages D–E concerning the integration of games in the classroom. Most teachers plan DGBL integration into their classrooms using a structured approach that follows each stage in order, whereas some teachers adopt a flexible planning pattern that omits or reorders some stages. The types of knowledge teachers use at each DGBL integration planning stage were identified and will be relevant to teacher educators and to teachers seeking to better integrate DGBL into their practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-255
Number of pages17
JournalTechnology, Pedagogy and Education
Issue number2
StatePublished - 16 Feb 2023


  • Digital game-based learning (DGBL)
  • planning patterns
  • teachers’ perceptions
  • technological pedagogical content knowledge (TPACK)
  • types of teacher knowledge

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Information Systems
  • Education
  • Communication
  • Computer Science Applications


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