Large myelinated nerve fiber hypersensitivity in oral malignancy

Eli Eliav, Sorin Teich, Rafael Benoliel, Oded Nahlieli, Alberto Aharon Lewkowicz, Avraham Baruchin, Richard Gracely

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives. The purpose of this study was to assess the sensory function of trigeminal nerve A-β fibers in suspected soft tissue oral malignancies. Study design. Twenty-three patients referred for the evaluation of an oral lesion suspected of malignancy were included in the study. All lesions were classified as in, near, or out of the nerve territory containing the lesion. Within these subgroups we assessed the sensitivity of A-β primary afferents to weak electrical currents applied bilaterally to regions innervated by 3 peripheral branches of the trigeminal nerve. The ratio of electrical detection thresholds from the affected and the unaffected side was calculated. Electrical detection threshold ratios were contrasted with the results of physical examination, radiographic imaging, and biopsy. Results. For dermatomes containing the lesions, ratios were lower than 0.8 in 12 patients. Biopsy showed that the lesions in 10 of these 12 patients were malignant. No malignancy was found in the remaining 11 patients. Conclusions. A-β primary afferent hypersensitivity is observed to occur in nerves exposed to soft tissue oral malignancy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-50
Number of pages6
JournalOral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontics
Volume94
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2002
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Dentistry (all)

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