Leishmania major: Solid phase radioimmunoassay for antibody detection in human cutaneous leishmaniasis

Graciela Rosen, Mauricio V. Londner, Charles L. Greenblatt, Tosson A. Morsy, Joseph El-On

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8 Scopus citations

Abstract

A radioimmunoassay for the quantitative determination of antileishmanial antibody in sera from patients suffering from cutaneous leishmaniasis was developed. The assay, using as antigen either the soluble fraction from freeze-thawed sonicated Leishmania major (LRC-L137) promastigotes or a carbohydrate-lipid containing fraction obtained by extraction with hexane-isopropanol, was shown to be sensitive and reproducible. The sera of 95 patients were examined. These were from patients with cutaneous leishmaniasis (26 from the Jordan Valley and 13 from Sinai), kala-azar (9), malaria (24), schistosomiasis (10), toxoplasmosis (5), and leprosy (8); controls were 37 normal human sera. No significant antigen dependent differences were observed using sera from cutaneous leishmaniasis patients, although differences in the immunological response were observed between the two populations of these patients. Antileishmanial activity was not detected in sera from patients with malaria, schistosomiasis, or toxoplasmosis. Although sera from leprosy patients crossreacted with the carbohydratelipid containing fraction, it was nevertheless more strain specific than freeze thawed sonicated L. major.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-84
Number of pages6
JournalExperimental Parasitology
Volume62
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1986

Keywords

  • Leishmania major
  • Serodiagnosis

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