Less is better than more with resection of periacetabular tumors – A retrospective 16 years study and literature review

Ran Atzmon, Michael Drexler, Oleg Dolkart, Yariv Goldstein, Jeremy Dubin, Amir Sternheim, Yair Gortzak, Jacob Bickels

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Introduction: Wide resections of periacetabular tumors create a sizeable bony defect that inevitably results in severe loss of function. Reconstruction of such defects usually requires using large metal implants, a feature associated with considerable surgery extension and complications. The aim of this study is to report resection with no reconstruction of the bony defect. In this retrospective study, we reviewed a consecutive series of 16 patients diagnosed with malignant periacetabular tumors and underwent en-bloc resection without reconstructing their remaining bone defect. Methods: Records were reviewed of 16 consecutive patients diagnosed with malignant periacetabular tumors and underwent en-bloc resection without reconstructing their remaining bony defect. Measurements included: the duration of surgery, blood loss, hemoglobin levels and the need for blood transfusions, data on other hospitalization characteristics, and intraoperative and postoperative complications. Results: Sixteen patients with malignant periacetabular bone tumors and extensive bone destruction underwent wide periacetabular tumor resection with a mean follow-up of 75 months and a mean age of 53 years. The average HOOS score was 46 (range: 20 to 76), and the mean MSTS score was 13% (range: 0 to 15). The mean operative time was 4.1 h, and the mean blood loss was 1200 ml. At their most recent follow-up, patients had a mean shortening of their operated extremity of 4.8 cm, and all could ambulate with assisting devices. Conclusion: Wide resection of periacetabular tumors without reconstruction provides acceptable levels of function and was associated with shorter surgical time, less blood loss and fewer postoperative complications compared to resection with reconstruction. Therefore, this approach may be considered a viable surgical option in patients with an extensive malignant periacetabular. Level III: Retrospective study.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number1036640
    JournalFrontiers in Surgery
    Volume9
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 8 Dec 2022

    Keywords

    • bone tumor - osteosarcoma
    • hip
    • hip joint
    • periacetabular tumors
    • reconstruction
    • resection

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Surgery

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