Light and oxygen stress in Spirulina platensis (cyanobacteria) grown outdoors in tubular reactors

Avigad Vonshak, Giuseppe Torzillo, Paola Accolla, Luisa Tomaselli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

As the effects of light and oxygen stress in algae on mass culture has not been intensively studied, we investigated them in Spirulina platensis under outdoor conditions in controlled tubular reactors where the respective roles of each stress can be distinguished. It was observed that exposure of this cyanobacterium at two oxygen concentrations (ca 20 and 53 mg Ã1-1) caused very little change in the ratio between variable and maximum fluorescence (Fv/Fm) during the day even when the culture was grown at higher oxygen concentration (about 7% lower in the evening than in the morning). Vice-versa, when the photochemical efficiency of PSII (photon yield, Φe.) was measured, a reduction of about 20% was observed. Neither the Fv/Fm ratio nor the Φe of the culture grown at the lower oxygen concentration changed significantly during the day. The daily productivity of the culture exposed to the higher oxygen concentration was reduced by about 20%. Laboratory cultures bubbled with air or pure oxygen under continuous light showed a similar response; i.e., a smaller decrease in Fv/Fm (17%) than in the Φe, (56%) after 4 h. After 32 h of culture in pure oxygen, a total lysis of the cells occurred. Our results support the hypothesis that photoinhibition and photooxidation, two traditionally linked terms, although often closely associated under similar environmental conditions, may comprise two types of stress with different sites of inhibition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-179
Number of pages5
JournalPhysiologia Plantarum
Volume97
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1996

Keywords

  • Cyanobacteria
  • Fluorescence
  • Oxygen
  • PSII
  • Photoinhibition
  • Photooxidation
  • Photosynthesis
  • Spirulina

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science
  • Cell Biology

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