Like a High Wave: Adjustment to Retirement

Orit Nuttman-Shwartz

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

74 Scopus citations


Purpose: The purposes of the study are to provide a phenomenological description of the pre- and post-retirement experience and to examine adjustment during the two periods. Design and Methods: This is a longitudinal study of 56 Israeli men that employs both personal interviews and standard measures of physical and mental health. Results: The pre-retirement interviews show four main perceptions. The dominant perception was as a period of uncertainty and crisis. The others were as providing hope for change, as a continuation of their lives until then, and as a developmental transition. Interviews 1 year post-retirement show that most of the men were happily occupied. Comparison of pre- and post-retirement scores on standardized tests shows reduced distress. Implications: The findings point to the desirability of supportive pre-retirement interventions that would emphasize working out emotional difficulties posed the anticipation of ending work.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229-236
Number of pages8
JournalThe Gerontologist
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Adjustment
  • Life scenario
  • Narrative
  • Quality of life
  • Retirement
  • Transition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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