Like mother like daughter: low birth weight and preeclampsia tend to reoccur at the next generation

N. Bilenko, Y. Sherf, E. Sheiner, I. Shoham Vardi, R. Sergienko, J. Klein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Low birth weight and preeclampsia are both adverse pregnancy and delivery outcomes, with possible influence on future health status. Previous studies have shown that intergenerational factors may be important prognostic information in evaluating women prior to or after conception. Our objective was to evaluate the role of intergenerational factors on the incidence of preeclampsia and low birth weight (LBW). Methods: A retrospective population-based study was conducted. Perinatal information was gathered from 2311 familial triads, comprising mothers (F 1 ), daughters (F 2 ), and children (F 3 ). All births occurred in a tertiary medical center between 1991 and 2013. A multivariate generalized estimating equation logistic regression model analysis was used to study the association between LBW and preeclampsia across generations while controlling for confounders and for clusters of families in the database. Results: A total of 1490 in F 1 , 1616 in F 2 , and 2311 in F 3 were included. LBW in mothers (F 2 ), adjusted for possible confounders, was found to be a significant predictor for LBW in offspring (OR = 1.6, 95% CI 1.02–2.6, p =.043). Likewise, preeclampsia was also noted as a significant intergenerational factor following adjustments for possible confounders (OR = 2.9, 95% CI 1.4–5.8, p =.004). Conclusions: Maternal LBW and preeclampsia are both independent risk factors for recurrence in the next generation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1478-1484
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine
Volume32
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 3 May 2019

Keywords

  • Delivery outcomes
  • intergenerational factors
  • low birth weight
  • preeclampsia

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