Lipophylic Compounds from Euphorbia peplis L. - A Halophytic Plant from the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast

Albena Ivanova, Inna Khozin-Goldberg, Zornitsa Kamenarska, Jordan Nechev, Zvi Cohen, Simeon Popov, Kamen Stefanov

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    6 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    The chemical composition of the lipophylic fraction from the halophytic plant Euphorbia peplis L. was investigated. Compared to other terrestrial higher plants an increase of triacylglycerols and especially of glycolipids was observed. The main phospholipid was phosphatidyl choline, followed by almost equal concentrations of phosphatidyl ethanolamine and phosphatidyl glycerol. A relatively high concentration of phosphatidic acids (6.5% of the total phospholipids) was found. The main sterol appeared to be sitosterol and significant amounts of tetracyclic triterpene alcohols were found. The composition of the volatile compounds is relatively simple and only one chlorinated compound, identified as 2,2-diethoxy-1-chloroethane, was found. There was a strong toxicity of the total lipophylic extract towards Artemia salina.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)783-788
    Number of pages6
    JournalZeitschrift fur Naturforschung - Section C Journal of Biosciences
    Volume58
    Issue number11-12
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 1 Jan 2003

    Keywords

    • Euphorbia peplis
    • Lipids
    • Secondary Metabolites

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (all)

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