Local scale-invariance breaking in the standard model by two-measure theory

Eduardo I. Guendelman, Hitoshi Nishino, Subhash Rajpoot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


We introduce Weyl's scale invariance as additional local symmetry in the standard model of electroweak interactions. Under this, the gauge symmetry of the standard model now is SU(3)×SU(2)×U(1)×Ũ(1), where Ũ(1) is for local scale invariance, and its gauge boson is called the Weylon. Also introduced are two new scalars σ1 and σ2 with the common scaling weight -1. The mechanism for spontaneous breaking of scale invariance is invoked by coupling σ2 to a metric-independent measure defined in terms of an additional four scalars φI(I=1,2,3,4). Weyl's scale invariance is now implemented by combining it with internal diffeomorphisms of the four scalars φi. We show that once local scale invariance is broken, the phenomenon (a) generates Newton's gravitational constant GN and (b) triggers spontaneous symmetry breaking in the conventional manner resulting in masses for the conventional fermions and bosons. The scale at which Weyl's scale symmetry breaks is of order Planck mass. If right-handed neutrinos are also introduced, their absence at present energy scales is attributed to their mass being tied to the scale at which scale invariance breaks. New C- and CP-violating effects can also be induced by mixing the Weylon with the hypercharge gauge boson of the standard model.

Original languageEnglish
Article number055022
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number5
StatePublished - 18 Sep 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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