Igor Klep, Victor Vinnikov, Jurij Voľcǐc

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Free analysis is a quantization of the usual function theory much like operator space theory is a quantization of classical functional analysis. Basic objects of free analysis are noncommutative functions. These are maps on tuples of matrices of all sizes that preserve direct sums and similarities. This paper investigates the local theory of noncommutative functions. The first main result shows that for a scalar point Y , the ring Oua Y of uniformly analytic noncommutative germs about Y is an integral domain and admits a universal skew field of fractions, whose elements are called meromorphic germs. A corollary is a local-global rank principle that connects ranks of matrix evaluations of a matrix A over Oua Y with the factorization of A over Oua Y . Different phenomena occur for a semisimple tuple of nonscalar matrices Y. Here it is shown that Oua Y contains copies of the matrix algebra generated by Y . In particular, there exist nonzero nilpotent uniformly analytic functions defined in a neighborhood of Y , and Oua Y does not embed into a skew field. Nevertheless, the ring Oua Y is described as the completion of a free algebra with respect to the vanishing ideal at Y . This is a consequence of the second main result, a free Hermite interpolation theorem: If f is a noncommutative function, then for any finite set of semisimple points and a natural number L there exists a noncommutative polynomial that agrees with f at the chosen points up to differentials of order L. All the obtained results also have analogs for (nonuniformly) analytic germs and formal germs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5587-5625
Number of pages39
JournalTransactions of the American Mathematical Society
Issue number8
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2020


  • Analytic germ
  • Free analysis
  • Hermite interpolation
  • Noncommutative function
  • Noncommutative meromorphic function
  • Universal skew field of fractions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mathematics (all)
  • Applied Mathematics


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