Localization and magnetic moment estimation of a ferromagnetic target by simulated annealing

Arie Sheinker, Boaz Lerner, Nizan Salomonski, Boris Ginzburg, Lev Frumkis, Ben Zion Kaplan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Scopus citations


In many applications, the detection of a visually obscured magnetic target is followed by the characterization of the target, i.e. localization and magnetic moment estimation. Effective target characterization may reduce the detection false alarm rate as well as direct the searcher toward the target. We address the characterization of a static magnetic target by a three-axis fluxgate magnetometer installed on a stabilized mobile platform. The magnetometer readings are contaminated by magnetic noise, which results in a low signal-to-noise ratio. We formulate the problem as an over-determined nonlinear equation set using a magnetic dipole model for the target and use simulated annealing (SA) in order to rapidly find a good approximation to the global optimum of this equation set. Computer simulations demonstrate high accuracy of the SA method in localizing the target and estimating its magnetic moment in the presence of high-level noise. The high accuracy of the SA method is also exemplified in tests employing real-world magnetic signals. In addition to its high accuracy, the SA method is very rapid, making it appropriate for real-time practical applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3451-3457
Number of pages7
JournalMeasurement Science and Technology
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2007


  • Localization
  • Magnetic anomaly detection
  • Simulated annealing (SA)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Applied Mathematics


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