Locomotor Adaptation Is Associated with Microstructural Properties of the Inferior Cerebellar Peduncle

Sivan Jossinger, Firas Mawase, Michal Ben-Shachar, Lior Shmuelof

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


In sensorimotor adaptation paradigms, participants learn to adjust their behavior in response to an external perturbation. Locomotor adaptation and reaching adaptation depend on the cerebellum and are accompanied by changes in functional connectivity in cortico-cerebellar circuits. In order to gain a better understanding of the particular cerebellar projections involved in locomotor adaptation, we assessed the contribution of specific white matter pathways to the magnitude of locomotor adaptation and to long-term motor adaptation effects (recall and relearning). Diffusion magnetic resonance imaging with deterministic tractography was used to delineate the inferior and superior cerebellar peduncles (ICP, SCP) and the corticospinal tract (CST). Correlations were calculated to assess the association between the diffusivity values along the tracts and behavioral measures of locomotor adaptation. The results point to a significant correlation between the magnitude of adaptation and diffusivity values in the left ICP. Specifically, a higher magnitude of adaptation was associated with higher mean diffusivity and with lower anisotropy values in the left ICP, but not in other pathways. Post hoc analysis revealed that the effect stems from radial, not axial, diffusivity. The magnitude of adaptation was further associated with the degree of ICP lateralization, such that greater adaptation magnitude was correlated with increased rightward asymmetry of the ICP. Our findings suggest that the magnitude of locomotor adaptation depends on afferent signals to the cerebellum, transmitted via the ICP, and point to the contribution of error detection to locomotor adaptation rate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)370-382
Number of pages13
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2020


  • Cerebellar peduncles
  • Cerebellum
  • Diffusion MRI
  • Locomotor adaptation
  • Tractography
  • White matter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology


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