Long distance trinket trade: Early Bronze Age obsidian from the Negev

Steven A. Rosen, Robert H. Tykot, Michael Gottesman

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24 Scopus citations


The discovery of three small obsidian flakes at the Camel Site in the central Negev, Israel, constitutes the first discovery of obsidian in Early Bronze Age contexts in the Negev and Sinai. Obsidian hydration analysis and X-ray microprobe analysis confirm the association of the artifacts with the site and the period, and indicate origins in Eastern Anatolia, in significant contrast to the exclusively Central Anatolian source of Southern PPNB obsidian. The structure of the obsidian trade system in the Early Bronze Age seems to contrast significantly with its Neolithic predecessor, and may be related to a system of pastoral nomadic exchange.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)775-784
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Archaeological Science
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2005


  • Anatolia
  • Early Bronze Age
  • Exchange
  • Hydration
  • Negev
  • Obsidian
  • Pastoral nomadism
  • X-ray microprobe


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