Long-Term Serological Analysis and Clinical Follow-Up of Patients with Cat Scratch Disease

Einat Metzkor-Cotter, Yehudith Kletter, Boaz Avidor, Merav Varon, Yoav Golan, Moshe Ephros, Michael Giladi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

94 Scopus citations

Abstract

A highly specific enzyme immunoassay (EIA) was recently described for use in the diagnosis of cat scratch disease (CSD). However, data regarding EIA antibody kinetics or its correlation with long-term clinical follow-up data are lacking. The association between antibody kinetics, clinical spectrum, and disease duration were studied in 98 patients with CSD. The median duration of follow-up was 35.3 weeks (range, 2-211.3 weeks). Results of EIA testing for detection of anti-Bartonella henselae immunoglobulin M (IgM) antibodies (detected in 53% of the patients) remained positive for ≤3 months. Therefore, the presence of IgM indicated acute infection. Titers of immunoglobulin G (IgG) also decreased over time; 25% of the patients remained seropositive for >1 year after the onset of CSD. Onset of CSD in patients with an IgG titer with an optical density of ≥1.0 occurred within the prior 12 months. No association was found between antibody titers or their kinetics and the clinical manifestations or duration of disease. EIA allows for the identification of atypical manifestations of CSD that were unrecognized before the use of serological assays. Complete recovery from these manifestations may take months. Results of this study provide additional data supporting the utility of EIA in the serodiagnosis of CSD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1149-1154
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Infectious Diseases
Volume37
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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