Losses and Gains of Psychosocial Resources: Effects on Stress Among Women Undergoing Infertility Treatments and Participating in Social Network Systems

Leigh Chazan, Talma Kushnir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

This theory-driven study assessed the association between infertility-related stress and perceived losses of psycho-social resources; and the buffering effect of resource gains and type of infertility (primary/secondary) on this relationship, among women who participate in online infertility-related social network systems (SNS). Ninety women participating in infertility-related SNS completed online questionnaires assessing resource losses and gains and stress levels. Results: Resource loss significantly predicted stress (β =.66, p <.001). Resource loss and the number of children were correlated negatively (r = −.22, p <.05). Residency was significantly related to resource loss (r = −.23, p <.05) and perceived stress (r = −.23, p <.05). Israeli participants reported lesser resource loss and lesser perceived stress, compared to participants from other countries. Surprisingly, neither resource gains related to SNS participation nor infertility-type served as moderators in the relationship between resource loss and stress. The association between resource loss and stress supports COR theory formulation of stress etiology. However, while participants noted significant resource gains from use of SNS, these did not buffer the effects of resource loss on stress. Thus, although it may be enticing to turn to SNS for social support, individuals with infertility need to be encouraged to use face-to-face social support too.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)717-732
Number of pages16
JournalPsychiatric Quarterly
Volume90
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Infertility
  • Online social network systems
  • Resource gains
  • Resource loss
  • Stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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