Low-dimensional electronic state at the surface of a transparent conductive oxide

Muntaser Naamneh, Eduardo B. Guedes, Abhinav Prakash, Henrique M. Cardoso, Ming Shi, Nicholas C. Plumb, Walber H. Brito, Bharat Jalan, Milan Radović

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Materials that blend physical properties that are usually mutually exclusive could facilitate devices with novel functionalities. For example, the doped perovskite alkaline earth stannates BaSnO3 and SrSnO3 show the intriguing combination of high light transparency and high electrical conductivity. Understanding such emergent physics requires deep insight into the materials’ electronic structures. Moreover, the band structure at the surfaces of those materials can deviate significantly from their bulk counterparts, thereby unlocking novel physical phenomena. Employing angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy and ab initio calculations, we reveal the existence of a 2-dimensional metallic state at the SnO2-terminated surface of 1% La-doped BaSnO3 thin films. The observed surface state is characterized by a distinct carrier density and a lower effective mass compared to the bulk conduction band, of about 0.12me. These particular surface state properties place BaSnO3 among the materials suitable for engineering highly conductive transition metal oxide heterostructures.

Original languageEnglish
Article number317
JournalCommunications Physics
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (all)


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