Low-resolution digital pre-compensation for high-speed optical links based on dynamic digital-to-analog conversion

Yaron Yoffe, Eyal Wohlgemuth, Dan Sadot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Digital precompensation (DPC) is considered a promising technique for high-throughput optical communication systems. The digital signal processing (DSP) at the transmitter relies on the availability of high-speed and high-resolution digital-to-analog devices to generate complex analog waveforms. However, one major challenge in current digital-to-analog converters (DACs) technology is the limited resolution, which introduces dominant quantization distortions when extensive DSP is implemented. In this paper, a dynamic quantization approach is suggested, termed as digital-resolution-enhancer (DRE), which mitigates the quantization distortion effects. This approach is based on the underlying assumption that quantization is a non-linear deterministic operation, implying that its impact on transmission can be anticipated and minimized. The proposed method is theoretically and experimentally investigated with special focus on linear precompensation for bandwidth limited systems. Simulation results demonstrate that the DRE improves the signal-to-quantization noise-ratio by up to 8 dB. Thus, the DPC can be applied with the reduced number of DAC's bits. Conversely, the DRE can enable the use of more complex DPC schemes using the same DACs hardware, and consequently, achieve extended reaches and higher transmission rates. Numerical simulations are verified by a set of extensive lab experiments. For electrical back-to-back (BTB) transmission, with an analog bandwidth of 13 GHz, 45 Gbaud QAM-64 is demonstrated using only 4 bits DACs. For optical BTB setup with an overall optoelectronic bandwidth of less than 5 GHz, 32 Gbaud QAM-4 is demonstrated using only 2.6 bits DACs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8543242
Pages (from-to)882-888
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Lightwave Technology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2019


  • Coherent detection
  • digital pre-compensation
  • digital signal processing
  • digital-to-analog converters
  • quadrature amplitude modulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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