Low socioeconomic status is a risk factor for CPAP acceptance among adult OSAS patients requiring treatment

Tzahit Simon-Tuval, Haim Reuveni, Sari Greenberg-Dotan, Arie Oksenberg, Asher Tal, Ariel Tarasiuk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

111 Scopus citations

Abstract

Study Objective: To evaluate whether socioeconomic status (SES) has a role in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) patients' decision to accept continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment. Design: Cross-sectional study; patients were recruited between March 2007 and December 2007. Setting: University-affliated sleep laboratory. Patients: 162 consecutive newly diagnosed (polysomnographically) adult OSAS patients who required CPAP underwent attendant titration and a 2-week adaptation period. Results: 40% (n = 65) of patients who required CPAP therapy accepted this treatment. Patients accepting CPAP were older, had higher apneahypopnea index (AHI) and higher income level, and were more likely to sleep in a separate room than patients declining CPAP treatment. More patients who accepted treatment also reported receiving positive information about CPAP treatment from family or friends. Multiple logistic regression (after adjusting for age, body mass index, Epworth Sleepiness Scale, and AHI) revealed that CPAP purchase is determined by: each increased income level category (OR, 95% CI) (2.4; 1.2-4.6), age +1 year (1.07; 1.01-1.1), AHI ( ≤ 35 vs. < 35 events/hr) (4.2, 1.4-12.0), family and/or friends with positive experience of CPAP (2.9, 1.1-7.5), and partner sleeps separately (4.3, 1.4-13.3). Conclusions: In addition to the already known determinants of CPAP acceptance, patients with low SES are less receptive to CPAP treatment than groups with higher SES. CPAP support and patient education programs should be better tailored for low SES people in order to increase patient treatment initiation and adherence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)545-552
Number of pages8
JournalSleep
Volume32
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2009

Keywords

  • CPAP
  • Greenberg-Dotan S
  • OSAS
  • Oksenberg A
  • Patient support
  • Reuveni H
  • Simon-Tuval T
  • Socioeconomic status
  • Tal A
  • Tarasiuk A. Low socioeconomic status is a risk factor for CPAP acceptance among adult OSAS patients requiring treatment. SLEEP
  • Treatment acceptance Citation

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