Low-Temperature Solution-Grown CsPbBr3 Single Crystals and Their Characterization

Yevgeny Rakita, Nir Kedem, Satyajit Gupta, Aditya Sadhanala, Vyacheslav Kalchenko, Marcus L. Böhm, Michael Kulbak, Richard H. Friend, David Cahen, Gary Hodes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

260 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cesium lead bromide (CsPbBr3) was recently introduced as a potentially high performance thin-film halide perovskite (HaP) material for optoelectronics, including photovoltaics, significantly more stable than MAPbBr3 (MA = CH3NH3+). Because of the importance of single crystals to study relevant material properties per se, crystals grown under conditions comparable to those used for preparing thin films, i.e., low-temperature solution-based growth, are needed. We show here two simple ways, antisolvent-vapor saturation or heating a solution containing retrograde soluble CsPbBr3, to grow single crystals of CsPbBr3 from a precursor solution, treated with acetonitrile (MeCN) or methanol (MeOH). The precursor solutions are stable for at least several months. Millimeter-sized crystals are grown without crystal-seeding and can provide a 100% yield of CsPbBr3 perovskite crystals, avoiding a CsBr-rich (or PbBr2-rich) composition, which is often present alongside the perovskite phase. Further growth is demonstrated to be possible with crystal seeding. The crystals are characterized in several ways, including first results of charge carrier lifetime (30 ns) and an upper-limit of the Urbach energy (19 meV). As the crystals are grown from a polar aprotic solvent (DMSO), which is similar to those used to grow hybrid organic-inorganic HaP crystals, this may allow growing mixed (organic and inorganic) monovalent cation HaP crystals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5717-5725
Number of pages9
JournalCrystal Growth and Design
Volume16
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 5 Oct 2016
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry (all)
  • Materials Science (all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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