Lower complication rates with office-based D&C under ultrasound guidance for missed abortion

Michael Chaikof, Tal Lazer, Itai Gat, Kevin Quach, Basheer Alkudmani, Khaled Zohni, Ari Baratz, Karen Glass, Prati Sharma, Clifford Librach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Missed abortion (MA) can be managed expectantly, medically or surgically. Surgical management has been performed safely in the office setting by suction dilation and curettage (D&C). Prior studies suggest that intraoperative ultrasound guidance (USG) may reduce complications for first-trimester therapeutic abortion. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety of office D&C for MA using real-time USG. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 255 patients who underwent office D&C under USG for first trimester MA at a single university-affiliated fertility clinic during January 2011-December 2013. Transabdominal USG was utilized during the procedure and was immediately followed by a transvaginal ultrasound examination to confirm full evacuation. Intra- and postoperative complication rates were compared to previously published data. RESULTS: There were no intraoperative complications, including excessive blood loss or uterine perforation. Two of the 255 patients (0.87%) were diagnosed with RPOCs requiring uterine re-evacuation. This rate of RPOCs was superior to rates previously reported for D&Cs without USG (2.6-4.9%, P=0.046). There were no other post procedure complications identified. CONCLUSIONS: We observed very low complications rate in Office-based D&C under USG, lower than those reported in the literature with unguided D&C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-28
Number of pages6
JournalMinerva Ginecologica
Volume69
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Abortion, missed
  • Dilatation and curettage
  • Ultrasonography

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