Magnetic fields from compensated isocurvature perturbations

Jordan Flitter, Cyril Creque-Sarbinowski, Marc Kamionkowski, Liang Dai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Compensated isocurvature perturbations (CIPs) are perturbations to the primordial baryon density that are accompanied by dark-matter-density perturbations so that the total matter density is unperturbed. Such CIPs, which may arise in some multifield inflationary models, can be long-lived and only weakly constrained by current cosmological measurements. Here we show that the CIP-induced modulation of the electron number density interacts with the electron-temperature fluctuation associated with primordial adiabatic perturbations to produce, via the Biermann-battery mechanism, a magnetic field in the post-recombinaton Universe. Assuming the CIP amplitude saturates the current BBN bounds, this magnetic field can be stronger than 10-15 nG at z≃20 and stronger by an order of magnitude than that (produced at second order in the adiabatic-perturbation amplitude) in the standard cosmological model, and thus can serve as a possible seed for galactic dynamos.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103536
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number10
StatePublished - 15 May 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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