Magnetic order in ErFeO3 single crystals studied by mean-field theory

E. E. Zubov, V. Markovich, I. Fita, A. Wisniewski, R. Puzniak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent experiments showed magnetic moment reversal and pronounced exchange-bias (EB) effect in the vicinity of the compensation temperature Tcomp of orthoferrites RFeO3 (R=Nd, Sm, Er). Although different orthoferrites exhibit diverse R-Fe interactions, Tcomp values, and spin-reorientation temperatures, the EB field in the like manner emerges and diverges upon approaching Tcomp and changes its sign with crossing Tcomp. In order to explain these observations, a mean-field theory approach for the representative ErFeO3 orthoferrite is proposed. The general case of two sublattices, antiferromagnet with exchange anisotropy and rare-earth-iron interactions, is considered. A small applied magnetic field appears to be a source of additional anisotropy, resulting from canting of sublattice moments. This anisotropy leads to an imbalance of free energy for two different types of magnetic domains, causing a spin jump near the Tcomp. The suggested approach allows reproduction of magnetization reversal and main features of the coercive and exchange-bias fields observed in ErFeO3.

Original languageEnglish
Article number184419
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume99
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 May 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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