Magnetic properties of nanocrystalline La1-xMnO 3+δ manganites: Size effects

V. Markovich, I. Fita, D. Mogilyansky, A. Wisniewski, R. Puzniak, L. Titelman, L. Vradman, M. Herskowitz, G. Gorodetsky

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Abstract

The magnetic properties of nanocrystalline manganites La 1-xMnO3+δ with particle size of 20 (LMO20), 25 (LMO25), and 30 nm (LMO30), prepared by the citrate method, have been investigated in the temperature range 5-320K, magnetic field up to 90kOe and under quasi-hydrostatic pressures up to 14.5kbar. The studies involve sequential zero-field-cooled magnetization (M) measurements followed by magnetization measurements during cooling in the same magnetic field (H) and complementary measurements of ac susceptibility. Additional measurements of M versus H were carried out at ambient and applied pressures. All nanoparticles exhibit a paramagnetic to ferromagnetic transition (PFT) at a Curie temperature T C>200K. It was found that the relative volume of the ferromagnetic phase increases for larger particle size and approaches a value of about 93% for LMO30. The real part of the ac susceptibility of sample LMO20 exhibits strong frequency dependence in a wide temperature range below TC, whereas for sample LMO30 only relatively weak frequency dependence was observed. The magnetization of sample LMO30 exhibits a PFT of second order; the type of transition could not be established for the smaller particles. It was found that an applied pressure enhances the TC of La1-xMnO 3+δ nanoparticles with a pressure coefficient of dT C/dP≈1.9Kkbar-1 for LMO20 and dTC/dP≈1. 4Kkbar-1 for LMO25 and LMO30 samples. Peculiar magnetic memory effects observed for sample LMO20 are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number346210
JournalJournal of Physics Condensed Matter
Volume19
Issue number34
DOIs
StatePublished - 29 Aug 2007

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