TY - JOUR

T1 - MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMICS USING PATH or STREAM FUNCTIONS

AU - Naor, Yossi

AU - Keshet, Uri

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2015. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

PY - 2015/9/10

Y1 - 2015/9/10

N2 - Magnetization in highly conductive plasmas is ubiquitous to astronomical systems. Flows in such media can be described by three path functions La, or, for a steady flow, by two stream functions lk and an additional field such as mass density ?, velocity v, or travel time Dt. While typical analyses of a frozen magnetic field B are problemspecific and involve nonlocal gradients of the fluid element position x (t), we derive the general, local (in λ or Λ space) solution B = (∂x ∂Λα)tB∼αp/p∼, where Lagrangian constants denoted by a tilde are directly fixed at a boundary hypersurface H∼ on which B is known. For a steady flow, p∼B/p = (∂x/∂lk )DtB∼k + vB∼3 v∼; here the electric field E ∼ (B∼2∇λ1 - B∼1∇λ2 ) p∼ depends only on lk and the boundary conditions. Illustrative special cases include compressible axisymmetric flows and incompressible flows around a sphere, showing that viscosity and compressibility enhance the magnetization and lead to thicker boundary layers. Our method is especially useful for directly computing electric fields, and for addressing upstream magnetic fields that vary in spacetime. We thus estimate the electric fields above heliospheres and magnetospheres, compute the draping of magnetic substructure around a planetary body, and demonstrate the resulting inverse polarity reversal layer. Our analysis can be immediately incorporated into existing hydrodynamic codes that are based on stream or path functions, to passively evolve the electromagnetic fields in a simulated flow. Furthermore, in such a prescription the electromagnetic fields are frozen onto the grid, so it may be developed into a fully magnetohydrodynamic, efficient simulation.

AB - Magnetization in highly conductive plasmas is ubiquitous to astronomical systems. Flows in such media can be described by three path functions La, or, for a steady flow, by two stream functions lk and an additional field such as mass density ?, velocity v, or travel time Dt. While typical analyses of a frozen magnetic field B are problemspecific and involve nonlocal gradients of the fluid element position x (t), we derive the general, local (in λ or Λ space) solution B = (∂x ∂Λα)tB∼αp/p∼, where Lagrangian constants denoted by a tilde are directly fixed at a boundary hypersurface H∼ on which B is known. For a steady flow, p∼B/p = (∂x/∂lk )DtB∼k + vB∼3 v∼; here the electric field E ∼ (B∼2∇λ1 - B∼1∇λ2 ) p∼ depends only on lk and the boundary conditions. Illustrative special cases include compressible axisymmetric flows and incompressible flows around a sphere, showing that viscosity and compressibility enhance the magnetization and lead to thicker boundary layers. Our method is especially useful for directly computing electric fields, and for addressing upstream magnetic fields that vary in spacetime. We thus estimate the electric fields above heliospheres and magnetospheres, compute the draping of magnetic substructure around a planetary body, and demonstrate the resulting inverse polarity reversal layer. Our analysis can be immediately incorporated into existing hydrodynamic codes that are based on stream or path functions, to passively evolve the electromagnetic fields in a simulated flow. Furthermore, in such a prescription the electromagnetic fields are frozen onto the grid, so it may be developed into a fully magnetohydrodynamic, efficient simulation.

KW - ISM: magnetic fields

KW - galaxies: magnetic fields

KW - magnetic fields

KW - magnetohydrodynamics (MHD)

KW - planets and satellites: magnetic fields

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84941591626&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1088/0004-637X/810/2/152

DO - 10.1088/0004-637X/810/2/152

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84941591626

VL - 810

JO - Astrophysical Journal

JF - Astrophysical Journal

SN - 0004-637X

IS - 2

M1 - 152

ER -