Man-made by Computer: On-The-Fly Fine Texture 3D Printing

Xin Yan, Lin Lu, Andrei Sharf, Xing Yu, Yulu Sun

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Applying textures to 3D models are means for creating realistic looking objects. This is especially important in the 3D manufacturing domain as manufactured models should ideally comprise a natural and realistic appearance. Nevertheless, natural material textures usually consist of dense patterns and fine details. Their embedding onto 3D models is typically cumbersome, requiring large processing time and resulting in large size meshes. This paper presents a novel approach for direct embedding of fine scale geometric textures onto 3D printed models by on-The-fly modification of the 3D printer's head. Our idea is to embed 3D textures by revising the 3D printer's G-code, i.e., incorporating texture details through modification of the printer's path. Direct manipulation of the printer's head movement allows for fine-scale texture mapping and editing on-The-fly in the 3D printing process. Thus, our method avoids the computationally expensive texture mapping, mesh processing and manufacturing preprocessing. This allows embedding detailed geometric textures of unlimited density which can model manual manufacturing artifacts and natural material properties. Results demonstrate that our direct G-code textured models are printed robustly and efficiently in both space and time compared to traditional methods.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings - SCF 2021
Subtitle of host publicationACM Symposium on Computational Fabrication
EditorsStephen N. Spencer
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery, Inc
ISBN (Electronic)9781450390903
StatePublished - 28 Oct 2021
Event2021 ACM Symposium on Computational Fabrication, SCF 2021 - Virtual, Online, United States
Duration: 28 Oct 202129 Oct 2021

Publication series

NameProceedings - SCF 2021: ACM Symposium on Computational Fabrication


Conference2021 ACM Symposium on Computational Fabrication, SCF 2021
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityVirtual, Online


  • G-codes
  • geometric texture embedding
  • meshless

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Materials Science (all)
  • Applied Mathematics


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