Management of Pediatric Acute Mastoiditis in Israel: Nationwide Survey among Otorhinolaryngologists and Emergency Pediatricians

Sharon Ovnat Tamir, Tal Marom, David Rekhtman, Michal Luntz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction Acute mastoiditis (AM) is a medical emergency that mandates prompt diagnosis and treatment. Nevertheless, its management often differs between otorhinolaryngologists (ORLs) and pediatricians (PEDs) working in emergency departments. We sought to characterize the similarities and differences between management protocols of these 2 disciplines. Methods A voluntary electronic questionnaire, including 17 items pertaining to pediatric AM management, was sent to all the 20 otorhinolaryngology and their corresponding pediatric emergency departments nationwide. Each department sent 1 filled out questionnaire. The response rate was 100%. Results Eighteen (90%) ORLs are notified when a child with suspected AM arrives. Medical history collected by both disciplines was similar - previous otologic history (100%), previous antibiotic use (100%), and pneumococcal conjugate vaccination status (60%) - whereas acute otitis media risk factors were more important to PEDs (13 [65%] PEDs, 10 [50%] ORLs). According to 85% to 90% of ORLs and PEDs, imaging was not mandatory upon admission. According to 14 (70%) PEDs and 16 (80%) ORLs, imaging was overall performed in less than 50% of patients during hospitalization. Intravenous ceftriaxone and cefuroxime were the most common first-line antibiotic treatments (8 [40%] ORLs, 10 [50%] PEDs), with a mean treatment duration of 7 to 10 days. Eighteen (90%) of the ORLs, compared with 15 (75%) PEDs, reported that myringotomy (with or without ventilating tube insertion) was performed upon diagnosis (P = 0.05). Conclusions The management of pediatric AM is generally similar by both disciplines. The use of imaging studies is mild-moderate. We call for a national registry and encourage the publication of guidelines.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)544-547
Number of pages4
JournalPediatric Emergency Care
Volume35
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • acute mastoiditis
  • acute otitis media
  • guidelines
  • management

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