Management Strategies for Large Brain Metastases

Nehaw Sarmey, Tehila Kaisman-Elbaz, Alireza M. Mohammadi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Brain metastases represent the most common intracranial neoplasm and pose a significant disease burden on the individual and the healthcare system. Although whole brain radiation therapy was historically a first line approach, subsequent research and technological advancements have resulted in a larger armamentarium of strategies for treatment of these patients. While chemotherapeutic options remain limited, surgical resection and stereotactic radiosurgery, as well as their combination therapies, have shifted the paradigms for managing intracranial metastatic disease. Ultimately, no single treatment is shown to be consistently effective across patient groups in terms of overall survival, local and distant control, neurocognitive function, and performance status. However, close consideration of patient and tumor characteristics may help delineate more favorable treatment strategies for individual patients. Here the authors present a review of the recent literature surrounding surgery, whole brain radiation therapy, stereotactic radiosurgery, and combination approaches.

Original languageEnglish
Article number827304
JournalFrontiers in Oncology
StatePublished - 18 Feb 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • brain metastases (BM)
  • large brain metastases
  • stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) treatment
  • surgery for brain metastases
  • whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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