Mare clausum? Sailing seasons in the mediterranean in early antiquity

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27 Scopus citations


The modern notion of navigation in antiquity is that it came to an almost complete standstill in the winter. A survey of pre-Roman sources reveals that this notion is only partially correct. While coastal navigation was brought to a standstill in the winter, open-water routes were open for navigation in summer and winter alike.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-162
Number of pages18
JournalMediterranean Historical Review
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2005


  • Antiquity
  • Communication
  • Mediterranean
  • Navigation
  • Sailing Seasons
  • Shipping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cultural Studies
  • History
  • Sociology and Political Science


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