Mastitis while breastfeeding: Prevention, the importance of proper treatment, and potential complications

Miri Pevzner, Arik Dahan

Research output: Contribution to journalEditorial

23 Scopus citations


Mastitis is an inflammation in the breast, which may involve a bacterial infection. Breast infection during breastfeeding is a common phenomenon that requires immediate and appropriate treatment. Without proper treatment, inflammation may lead to the cessation of breastfeeding. Another potential complication is the development of an abscess. Based on the nutritional and immunological value of breast milk, the recommendations of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and the World Health Organization (WHO) is exclusive breastfeeding up to 6 months of age, followed by continued breastfeeding as complementary foods are introduced, with continuation of breastfeeding for 1 year or longer as mutually desired by mother and infanRecent meta-analyses indicate breastfeeding protects against childhood infections, allows for a possible increase in intelligence, and for a reduction in overweight and diabetes. Breastfeeding is beneficial for nursing women as well. It is therefore important to help the mother overcome difficulties such as mastitis and to continue breastfeeding. The choice of a proper treatment and the provision of therapeutic instructions to the patient are crucial for a cure, for a successful duration of breastfeeding, and for preventing complications for mother and baby. In this article, we provide the latest clinical guidelines regarding drug treatment and supportive therapy in mastitis. We also discuss the latest guidelines of candida treatment, as candida infection may develop as a result of antibiotic therapy. Overall, improperly treated mastitis may cause the premature cessation of breastfeeding, and will cause suffering to both mother and baby; giving proper treatment and instructions to the mother are hence of the utmost importance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2328
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Issue number8
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2020


  • Breast infection
  • Breastfeeding
  • Candida
  • Lactation
  • Mastitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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