Material dissipation of graphene resonators

Yahav Ben-Shimon, Anway Pradhan, Assaf Ya'akobovitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Graphene resonators hold a promising potential to be integrated into nanoscale sensors and electronic devices. Therefore, understanding the physics underlying their dissipation mechanisms is essential. Here we investigate the dissipation of graphene through a study of graphene foam (GF) resonators. We show that intrinsic material dissipation, related to interlayer friction, is a primary source of energy dissipation in graphene. We fabricated GFs with varying wall thicknesses and characterized their frequency responses under ambient and vacuum conditions. Additionally, we investigated their atomic structure by using Raman analysis, high-resolution scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. While air losses are considered the primary dissipation source of micro- and nano-electromechanical systems (M/NEMS) operating under ambient conditions, we show that friction between graphene layers is a comparable source for energy dissipation and, thus, it limits the dynamic amplification of multilayer graphene resonators even when they are operated under high-vacuum conditions. We show that the friction between the layers is enhanced when multiple layers exist and that dissipation is further amplified by microscopic defects, such as cracks and grain boundaries, or by the existence of amorphous carbon. Thus, we uncover the fundamental physical behavior of graphene.

Original languageEnglish
Article number118185
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2023


  • Energy dissipation
  • Graphene
  • Graphene foam
  • NEMS
  • Resonators

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science


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