Maternal pruritus gravidarum and its long-term effect on dermatological morbidity in the offspring

Yoad Govrin-Yehudain, Tamar Wainstock, Eyal Sheiner, Amir Horev, Yuval Krieger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: Pruritus gravidarum is characterized by general pruritus in the absence of primary skin lesions. In this study, we sought to evaluate whether the offspring (≤ 18 years) of mothers diagnosed with pruritus gravidarum, are at increased risk of long-term dermatology-related hospitalization. Methods: A population-based, retrospective cohort study of all singleton deliveries between 1991 and 2021 was conducted at a tertiary medical center. Offspring of mothers diagnosed with pruritus gravidarum were compared to offspring of non-exposed mothers. First admission involving dermatological morbidity of the offspring were analyzed using ICD-9 codes. Kaplan-Meier survival curves were used to compare the cumulative hospitalization incidence between the groups and Cox regression models were utilized to adjust for confounding variables. Results: A total of 849 women out of 356,356 deliveries that fulfilled the inclusion criteria were diagnosed with pruritus gravidarum during pregnancy (0.23%). Among offspring to mothers with pruritus gravidarum versus non-pruritus gravidarum mothers, hospitalization rates involving dermatological morbidity, were higher (7.1% vs. 4.6%, p <.001) a finding that was consistent with the Kaplan-Meier survival curve (Log rank p =.002). In the Cox regression model, pruritus gravidarum was found to be a significant independent risk factor for dermatological-related hospitalizations in the offspring after controlling for gestational age, hypertensive disorders, diabetic disorders, meconium-stained amniotic fluid exposure and fertility treatments (adjusted HR = 1.44, 95% CI 1.12–1.85, p =.004). Conclusions: Maternal pruritus gravidarum is an independent risk factor for long-term dermatology-related hospitalization in the offspring up to the age of 18 years.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2241103
JournalJournal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine
Issue number2
StatePublished - 30 Jul 2023


  • follow up
  • long-term morbidity
  • pediatric dermatology morbidity
  • pruritus during pregnancy
  • Pruritus gravidarum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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