Math Fluency during Primary School

Yarden Gliksman, Shir Berebbi, Avishai Henik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Math fluency is the ability to solve arithmetic facts quickly and accurately (i.e., addition and subtraction problems up to 20, and multiplication and division problems from the multiplication table). Curricula in primary school devote a significant period of time for learning and retrieval of arithmetic facts. Recently, a new computerized tool to assess math fluency—the BGU-MF (Ben-Gurion University Math Fluency) test—was developed and found to be a reliable and valid tool for adults. In the current study, we examine the performance of first to sixth-grade children in math fluency using the BGU-MF. The results present the performance of MF during childhood and emphasize that it continues to develop during primary school. Importantly, proficiency of MF differed by operations, and the automaticity of math facts was acquired in different grades. Moreover, we found that the BGU-MF is a reliable and valid tool not only for adults but also for children during primary school. Our study has educational implications for the teaching, practice, and retrieval of arithmetic facts.

Original languageEnglish
Article number371
JournalBrain Sciences
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2022


  • Arithmetic in primary school
  • Arithmetic operations
  • Calculation and retrieval
  • Math facts
  • Math fluency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience


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