Maturational delay in ADHD: Evidence from CPT

Itai Berger, Ortal Slobodin, Merav Aboud, Julia Melamed, Hanoch Cassuto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

While data from behavioral, neuropsychological, and brain studies suggested that Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is related to a developmental lag that reduces with age, other studies have proposed that ADHD represents a deviant brain function. The present study used a cross-sectional approach to examine whether ADHD children show a developmental delay in cognitive performance measured by continuous performance test (CPT). We thus, compared six age groups of ADHD children (N = 559) and their unaffected peers (N = 365), aged 6-11, in four parameters of MOXO-CPT performance: Attention, Timing, Hyperactivity and Impulsivity. Results have shown that despite improvement in CPT performance with age, ADHD children continued to demonstrate impaired performance as compared to controls. In most parameters, CPT performance of ADHD children matched that of 1-3 years younger normal controls, with a delay most prominent in older children. However, in the Hyperactivity parameter, ADHD children's performance resembled that of much younger healthy children, with almost no evidence for a developmental catch up. This study suggests that while some cognitive functions develop slower but normally, other functions (e.g., inhibitory control) show a different trajectory.

Original languageEnglish
Article number691
JournalFrontiers in Human Neuroscience
Issue numberOCT
DOIs
StatePublished - 25 Oct 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adhd
  • CPT
  • Delay
  • Diagnosis
  • Maturation
  • Symptoms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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