Mean-field dynamo in a turbulence with shear and kinetic helicity fluctuations

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Abstract

We study the effects of kinetic helicity fluctuations in a turbulence with large-scale shear using two different approaches: the spectral τ approximation and the second-order correlation approximation (or first-order smoothing approximation). These two approaches demonstrate that homogeneous kinetic helicity fluctuations alone with zero mean value in a sheared homogeneous turbulence cannot cause a large-scale dynamo. A mean-field dynamo is possible when the kinetic helicity fluctuations are inhomogeneous, which causes a nonzero mean α effect in a sheared turbulence. On the other hand, the shear-current effect can generate a large-scale magnetic field even in a homogeneous nonhelical turbulence with large-scale shear. This effect was investigated previously for large hydrodynamic and magnetic Reynolds numbers. In this study we examine the threshold required for the shear-current dynamo versus Reynolds number. We demonstrate that there is no need for a developed inertial range in order to maintain the shear-current dynamo (e.g., the threshold in the Reynolds number is of the order of 1).

Original languageEnglish
Article number036307
JournalPhysical Review E
Volume77
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 17 Mar 2008

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